Difference between 190 and 189, 491 visa Australia

Difference between 190 and 189, 491 visa Australia
Posted by admin
on December 1, 2023

Since the Australian government understands how important it is to draw in skilled workers, it makes sure the Skilled Occupations List (SOL) is updated often to appropriately reflect the demands of the Australian labour market and determine who is eligible for a work visa.

The three-stage, point-tested General Skilled Migration (GSM) Program is a novel approach. It’s critical that your application be correct and comprehensive and that you stay informed at every turn to maximise your chances of success.

Visas for General Skilled Migration

The GSM program draws qualified people from all around the world, as the name implies.  There are three primary subclasses: 

  • The Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) 
  • The Skilled Nominated Visa  (Subclass 190)
  • The Regional Skilled Workers Visa (Subclass 491) (provisional)

While the Subclass 491 visa is a 5-year temporary visa that allows for permanent residency after a minimum of 3 years, the Subclass 189 and 190 are applications for permanent residency. 

An Australian business is not required to nominate or sponsor a candidate for the Skilled Migration Australia Program.

The Regional (Provisional) Visa for Skilled Work is a transitory document.  Despite being temporary, It is classified as provisional because the visa holder may apply for permanent residence upon specific requirements fulfilment. 

Eligibility Requirements

To be qualified to apply, applicants (especially the primary applicant) need to fulfil several qualifying requirements. These are the following:

  • Have the abilities and credentials necessary to fill a position mentioned in the applicable Occupation List.
  • Obtain from an authorised Assessing Body a positive and up-to-date Skills Assessment.
  • Obtain at least 65 points to satisfy the Points-test requirements.
  • Satisfy the age requirements
  • Fulfill the language requirements in English
  • Get a request to submit a visa application.

The Points-Test

To proceed to the first stage of the work visa application process, the primary applicant must receive at least 65 points from the Department of Home Affairs. Candidates are evaluated concerning:

  • Age
  • Credentials
  • Years of relevant job experience, both domestically and internationally
  • Proficiency in English
  • Partner abilities
  • Australian Study Requirements
  • Requirement for Specialist Education
  • Any Community Language Accreditation
  • Studying in Regional Australia and finishing
  • Finalisation of a Career Year

Temporary skilled regional visa subclass 491

Principal characteristics of regional visa subclass 491: 

  • Five-year visa validity and Medicare eligibility while holding a subclass 491 visa Australia must be nominated by an Australian State or Territory or by a qualified relative living in an area the visa considers regional. 
  • The Points exam yielded a minimum of 65 points. 
  • Fulfill the age restrictions.
  • Fulfill the requirements for character and health. 
  • You must meet the requirements to live, work, and study in a particular region for the duration of the visa. Your nomination can’t be withdrawn for the visa period. 
  • The ability to apply for the Skilled Regional Subclass 191 visa allowing for permanent residency

Visa subclass 191 provides Subclass 491 visa holders who meet specific qualifying requirements with a substitute permanent visa. You must meet the following criteria for the holders of a Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) visa to be eligible: 

  • Have spent at least three years living in a defined geographic area. 
  • Possess the capacity to demonstrate taxable income at or above a given income threshold for three years.
  • Respect the first requirements for the category 491 visa. 

The Difference Between 189 and 190 Visa

A state or territory government must meet additional requirements, such as residency, a job offer, settlement funds, etc., before they may sponsor you for a Subclass 190 visa. After your visa is granted, you must stay and work there for at least two years.  The state or territorial authority you request a nomination will determine the precise requirements.

On the other hand, there are no such conditions for the Independent Skilled 189 visa Australia, and you can accept an invitation without requiring a nomination from the state or territory government.

The Difference Between 189 190 and 491 Visa

List of occupations

There are many more skilled jobs in the Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL) and Regional Occupation List (ROL) (491 only) when comparing the limited occupations in the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) for 189 visas, 190, or 491 visas. To choose which professions from MLTSSL, STSOL, or ROL to nominate is at the sole discretion of each State or Territory agency. Furthermore, they might put additional restrictions on or demand more points for a few particular jobs.  

Candidates should periodically check the relevant state or territory’s occupation lists to ensure their nominated occupation is still open for nomination, as the nominated occupations list may be revised often.  


Inviting applicants for the 189 and 491 visas—which are sponsored by eligible relatives—is the primary responsibility of the Department of Home Affairs. The highest-rated EOIs receive invitations via the SkillSelect system regularly (currently every three months). However, there are occupation ceilings come into play, which means that a specific occupation is limited to a set number of invites per fiscal year. 

For 190 State or Territory nominations, there is no such time restriction. Throughout the fiscal year, the state or territory administration may accept nominations at its discretion. When the nomination is approved, the individual will receive an invitation from SkillSelect to apply for a 190 or 491 visa.  


Sponsorship or nomination is not necessary for the 189 visa.  

A State or Territory Government agency must nominate someone for a subclass 190 visa Australia. A State or Territory Government agency must sponsor a subclass 491 visa applicant who resides in a regional area. On the other hand, no nomination or sponsorship is required for a category 189 visa.  

The Department of Home Affairs allows quotas for 190 or 491 state nominations to each state or territory each fiscal year, and each State or Territory Government agency will establish its selection procedures following this allocation. To ascertain whether they can meet the nomination requirements, candidates must review the requirements set forth by each state. 

Additionally, as those requirements are subject to change at any time, candidates should periodically examine them. Certain states or territories provide PhD holders with a shortened path.  

An entity of the State Government is not involved in the 491 sponsorship program for qualifying relatives. Both the 189 visa and the invitation for a 491 sponsored visa from a qualified relative are handled by the Department of Home Affairs.  


Who is eligible for 491 visa in Australia?

To be eligible for application, you must receive the nomination from a state or territory government agency, or be sponsored by an eligible relative. Additionally, your occupation must be listed on the relevant skilled occupation list, and you must undergo a suitable skills assessment for that occupation. These criteria are crucial in determining your eligibility for the visa application process.


Australia is a dream come true for people who want to study there and those who fulfil career opportunities. The GSM program covers visas under categories 189, 190, or 491; however, each has different guidelines and limitations. Certain occupations might be eligible for 491 or 190 visas but not 189 visas. Considerable candidates might nevertheless give the provisional visa appreciable thought even if they are ineligible for permanent visas. If your chosen job is included in the MLTSSOL and STSOL, you can take advantage of additional opportunities as you could qualify for the 189 and 190 visa subclasses. If you would like further information regarding your eligibility for GSM visas, contact the Best migration agent Adelaide.

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